Studies on Cartoons and Communication

Studies on Cartoons and Communication

 

An Evaluative Analysis of Editorial Cartoon Use in 2015 Presidential Election: A Study of Selected Nigerian Dailies

 

Chinenye Nwabueze, Ph.D

Department of Mass Communication

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University

Igbariam Campus

 

Olileanya Orakwelu

Department of Mass Communication

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University

Igbariam Campus

 

 

Abstract

This is a content analysis of selected Nigerian dailies to examine how editorial cartoons were used to express views during the 2015 presidential election in the country. The study objectives were to find out the frequency of cartoons on 2015 Presidential elections in the national dailies, to find out the direction of cartoons on 2015 Presidential election in the National dailies, and to ascertain whether there is a relationship between the ethnic background of cartoonist and slant of cartoon. The study established that Nigerian newspapers although they do have editorial cartoons in all editions, not much were focused or used in the 2015 presidential election process in Nigeria. It was also found that General Mohammed Buhari was the candidate that had more editorial cartoons  favouring him, unlike President Goodluck Jonathan and other presidential candidates. It was further established that ethnic bias played no role in the choice of messages embedded in the cartoons. The study recommended among others, that editorial cartoons should not favour specific candidates in order to be objective and neutral.

Key words: Cartoons, Editorial cartoons, presidential elections, cartoonists

(p.ikegbnam@yahoo.com)

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Cartoons, Cartoonists and Effective
Communication in the Nigeria Print Media

Vol. 8 (1) Serial No. 32, January, 2014 Pp. 32-41
Onakpa, Mohammed –
Department of Mass Communication,
Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria
Phone: +2348068470598
E-mail: thecurrentnews2014@yahoo.com
Abstract
Cartoons have over the years become very prominent features of
newspapers and magazines that some of them are sought by readers
for their cartoons. However, there is the tendency to see cartoons as
very trivial issues meant to create fun and laughter for readers only.
This paper takes a critical look at the effectiveness of cartoons in print
media communication and the safety they offer for the print media in
terms of freedom of expression, especially during the intolerant
military regimes. Premised on the Agenda setting theory, the paper
equally evaluates the position of the cartoonist within his own
organization and concludes that the lot of the cartoonist needs to be
bettered to position him for higher productivity.
Key words: cartoons, communication, print media, caricature

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https://www.ajol.info/index.php/afrrev/article/download/101325/90515

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The Language of Line Drawings: Analysis of Use of Hate Cartoons in Selected National Dailies during the 2015 General Elections in Nigeria.

 

Olileanya Orakwelu

Department of Mass Communication

Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University

Igbariam Campus

 

ABSTRACT

Editorial hate cartoons are single panels of graphics that ridicule a personality in question, projecting such an image in a bad light and condemning the character. It adopted the content analysis approach to study three National dailies (The Nation, Daily Sun, and Vanguard) to find out the volume of editorial hate cartoons used in the 2015 elections, especially with regard to Anambra Central Senatorial election. The study found that a few editorial hate cartoons on the election were used but these cartoons were rarely on the Anambra Central senatorial election. The work recommended that editors should adhere to ethics in determining the content of publications, including cartoons.

Keywords: Editorial, cartoon, editorial hate cartoon, 2015 Presidential Election

 

Cartoon Application in Communication and Social Mobilization in Nigeria’s Bring Back Our Girls: The way Forward

 

Article Author: Ndoma J. Brown, Obongawan E. Edim, Juliet Deborah Etteh and Paul A. Ashibel

Abstract

There is no doubt that art is an effective way to communicate messages. Pictures and cartoons cover for a shortfall of issues which cannot be wholly captured in words. The visual nature of cartoons gives it the ability to evoke emotions and cause people to act and react in a certain manner. The concern of this work is to investigate the potency of the cartoons used in the Bring Back Our Girls campaign, between May 2014 and January 2015. The study adopts the pragmatic theory as a framework. Using content analysis the study collated and analysed cartoons published on local and international websites on BBOG campaign, to gain accurate insight, 126 respondents from Calabar Municipality graded all 35 cartoons on their social mobilization content. Analysis of the data revealed active cartoon publications on the campaign, also a larger percent of the respondents indicated that the cartoons were potent for social mobilization. The paper recommends that in regard to the effectiveness of cartoons in communication, more NGOs, Governments and the active public should employ cartoons as a means of commenting on the challenges bedevilling the society.

Keywords: Cartoons, communication, pragmatic theory, social mobilization

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http://www.eajournals.org/journals/international-journal-international-relations-media-mass-communication-studies-ijirmmcs/vol-2-issue-3-october-2016/cartoon-application-communication-social-mobilization-nigerias-bring-back-girls-way-forward/

 

Framing of Cartoons on Ebola Virus Disease in Selected Nigerian Dailies: A Content Analysis

By Chinenye Nwabueze, Ph.D, Chinedu Igboeli, Ph.D, Ugochukwu Ubah

Department of Mass Communication

Anambra State University

Nigeria

 

Abstract

All cartoon illustrations differ in frames and individuals’ understanding of their messages. This study examined three Nigerian daily newspapers: Daily sun, Vanguard and the Nation to ascertain the frames of Ebola cartoon, the perception of the cartoon by the audience, and the interpretation of the cartoon messages.

The researcher situates his work on the “play theory” which asserts that we use the media for our satisfaction, and that media contents bring changes in our lives.  Qualitative content analysis and focus group discussion methods were used as methodology of the study.

The study covered a period of one month from August 1, 2014 to August 31, 2014. The findings of the study revealed that most cartoons on Ebola virus had the fear frames. Also, most of the audience could not interpret the cartoon messages due to lack of understanding of the drawings.

It was recommended among others, that cartoonists should make their drawings less technical but simple for easy understanding by the audience.

Key words: Cartoon, Framing, exposure, cartoon frame.

(Source: Journal of Healthcare Communications, Vol.2, no.1, 2017)

http://healthcare-communications.imedpub.com/framing-of-cartoons-on-ebola-virus-disease-in-selected-nigerian-dailies-a-content-analysis.pdf

 

The Author

Chinenye Nwabueze

Nwabueze is a communication researcher with several years of lecturing experience in Nigerian universities.

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