ICTS/Social Media Studies

 

ICT, Cyber-Bullying, and Self-Disclosure: An Experiential Study of Twitter

Nelson Okorie, Ph.d., Nnamdi Tobechukwu Ekeanyanwu, Ph.d.

Covenant University

KEYWORDS: Internet, Cyber-bullying, Self-disclosure, Young people, Twitter

ABSTRACT:

With the advent of the Internet and the convergence of communications technologies, cyber-bullying has become a perennial issue among media scholars and educators. Across the globe, the Internet is no longer just a medium that facilitates the movement of data in the information superhighway; it has become the medium for peers to inflict harm on others. This paper, therefore, explores how cyber-bullying is manifested on its victims and its negative effects on self-disclosure. The survey method was used to gather data with the questionnaire as the major instrument of data collection. The paper found out that 46% of the respondents have been cyber-bullied, while 87% had witnessed other persons cyber-bullied on Twitter. In addition, 55% agreed that they bully others on Twitter, while 44% indicated that they retaliate in verbal and visuals forms whenever they are cyberbullied. The paper recommends that the developing countries like Nigeria should establish laws and policies to discourage the act of cyber-bullying while non-governmental organizations should join the crusade against cyber-bullying.  (2014)

 http://www.academix.ng/search/paper.html?idd=3300013048

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Mobile telephony and copresence in Marakwet, Kenya

Leah Jerop Komen

Abstract

The integration of mobile phones into social life has attracted divergent views on its technosocial capacities for social transformations especially its disruption on the integrity of space and time. While celebrated as a technology that liberates users from the constraints of time and place, it is equally reviled for the defilement of place or space and face to face social encounters (copresence). This paper discusses the influence of mobile telephony on social interactions with specific focus on conversations around copresence in Marakwet. Through ethnographic interviews and observational notes, the paper argues for the need to study mobile telephony as a social assemblage. Drawing from Delanda’s (2006) version of assemblage theory, the researcher finds that copresent encounters has changed the way time and place is conceptualised, with distinctions between private and public places blurred and transformation of social interaction evidenced.

Keywords: mobile telephony, co-presence, assemblage, time and space, private versus public spaces

Journal of Development and Communication Studies; Vol 5, No 1 (2017)

https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jdcs/article/view/158857

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Assessment of factors affecting social media use for HIV andAIDS communication among undergraduate students in South-Western Nigeria

Ayodele John Alonge, Wambui Kiai, Ndeti Ndati

 

Abstract

The study evaluated factors that affect use of social media for HIV and AIDS communication among federal university undergraduates in south western Nigeria. The cross-sectional research method was employed. Structured questionnaire copies were administered to 355 undergraduate students. Quantitative data gathered from the administered questionnaire were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Result showed that blogs (41.1%), twitter (25.4%) and WhatsApp (17.7%) were the social media sites preferred by male and female respondents for sharing and accessing HIV and AIDS information. The use of these social media sites for HIV and AIDS information communication was influenced by privacy and neutrality. It also showed that majority of the undergraduates affirmed that HIV and AIDS information on social media platforms was very useful because it facilitated access to quality tips on HIV. A significant percentage of the respondents also affirmed that the use of social media was hugely affected by epileptic nature of power supply, poor network connectivity, ICT skills and cost of subscription. Stepwise multiple regression analysis identified ICT skill as the only environmental factor that had significant influence on social media use (F= 4.234, p<0.05) and was responsible for 33.9% of the variation in social media use for HIV information communication. The study suggested the campaign on prominent HIV/AIDS discussion sites and ICT skill acquisition to enable youth connect and effectively make use of social media for HIV information communication.

Keywords: Social media, HIV/AIDS information, communication, barriers

Journal of Development and Communication Studies; Vol 5, No 1 (2017)

https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jdcs/article/view/158860

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Acceptance and Rejection of Internet for Health Information Among Private Health Professionals in a Nigerian City

Nathan Oguche Emmanuel, Ismaila Dan-Muhammadu

 

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Abstract

Internet is one technology that has permeated every sphere of human endeavour, including communication, science and technology, telecommunication, education and health among others. However, no matter how useful, fantastic, appealing and gratifying a technology is, not everyone accepts it. The study evaluates how medical professionals in private hospitals in Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria integrate the use of Internet into their professional practice. Conducted within the framework of Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), the study employed both quantitative and qualitative methods, using questionnaire and interview schedule respectively to identify factors that precipitate both acceptance and rejection of Internet. The study found that 53% of medical professionals in Anyigba prefer Internet sources as against 20% and 17% who prefer journal/books and professional colleagues respectively. The study also found that health professionals use the Internet mainly to get professional updates (Mean =4.02, Stand Deviation = 1.58, Variance = 2.51), communicate with patients (Mean = 3.94, Standard Deviation = 1.55, Variance = 2.41). Others notable uses identified are for drugs/medication (Mean = 3.77, Standard Deviation = 1.39, Variance = 1.94), monitor trends of diseases (Mean = 3.58, Standard Deviation = 1.75, Variance = 3.05) among other uses. Cost, relevance of information to professional practice, skills on how to use the technology and how readily accessible are the sources, are factors that influence acceptance and/or rejection of a possible information source. The study recommends that health professionals should promote capacity building for both younger and older practitioners on how best to employ Internet-based applications for medical practice.

Keywords: Health communication, Internet, Technology Acceptance Model, Nigerian City, Private Hospital

http://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/NMMC/article/view/35001

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Content and Representation in Diaspora Media: A Study of Metro Éireann Newspaper in Ireland

Adeyemi Obalanlege, Kola Adesina, Anthony Orebiyi

 

Abstract

This study seeks to explore content of ethnic media in the lives of their audiences. In recent years there has been an increase in African ethnic media publications in Western Europe as an alternative to mainstream media. Yet relatively little is known about the content and role of these ethnic media in the articulation and re-articulation of collective identities. Academic assertions in this area remain theoretical. Very few studies have empirically investigated the content of these media. For instance, how diaspora media represent African ethnic minorities and how do these representations differ from those of mainstream media?A number of issues have thus remained under-explored, such as the extent to which ethnic media (re)construct the identities of the community they serve. Studies of the content of these media can help to identify and proffers solution to these challenges. At the same time, relatively little is known about representation of various groups in these media. This study identifies and examines these issues through a content analysis of ethnic African newspaper, Metro Éireann in Ireland. To this end, a quantitative and qualitative content analysis is combined in this study. The main research findings concern issues around representation. Metro Éireann tends to be objective in the representation of the ethnic minority and the majority. However, the newspaper gives more prominence to the ethnic minority in terms of celebrating their achievements. In most cases it relies on the views of ordinary sources without featuring those of elite sources.

http://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/NMMC/article/view/35002

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Assessment of factors affecting social media use for HIV and AIDS communication among undergraduate students in South-Western Nigeria

 

Ayodele John Alonge, CARTA PhD

Fellow, School of Journalism and Mass Communication,

University of Nairobi, Kenya;

ayoalonge@gmail.com,

 

Wambui Kiai, Senior Lecturer, School

of Journalism and Mass Communication,

University of Nairobi, Kenya,

wamkiai@yahoo.com

 

&

Ndeti Ndati, Senior Lecturer & Director,

School of Journalism and Mass Communication,

University of Nairobi, Kenya,

ndanundeti@gmail.com

 

Abstract

The study evaluated factors that affect use of social media for HIV and AIDS communication among federal university undergraduates in south western Nigeria. The cross-sectional research method was employed. Structured questionnaire copies were administered to 355 undergraduate students. Quantitative data gathered from the administered questionnaire were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Result showed that blogs (41.1%), twitter (25.4%) and WhatsApp (17.7%) were the social media sites preferred by male and female respondents for sharing and accessing HIV and AIDS information. The use of these social media sites for HIV and AIDS information communication was influenced by privacy and neutrality. It also showed that majority of the undergraduates affirmed that HIV and AIDS information on social media

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platforms was very useful because it facilitated access to quality tips on HIV. A significant percentage of the respondents also affirmed that the use of social media was hugely affected by epileptic nature of power supply, poor network connectivity, ICT skills and cost of subscription.

Stepwise multiple regression analysis identified ICT skill as the only environmental factor that had significant influence on social media use (F= 4.234, p<0.05) and was responsible for 33.9% of the variation in social media use for HIV information communication. The study suggested the campaign on prominent HIV/AIDS discussion sites and ICT skill acquisition to enable youth connect and effectively make use of social media for HIV information communication.

Key words: Social media, HIV/AIDS information, communication, barriers

Journal of Development and Communication Studies

Vol. 5. No. 1, July 2016 – June 2017

Click to access article%204%20jdcs%205.1.pdf

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Use of Mobile Phones for Information Dissemination among Fish Marketers: Evidence from Kogi State, Nigeria

Adejoh, S.O., Adah, O.C., Shaibu, M.U.

 

Abstract

The study evaluated the use of mobile phones for information dissemination among fish marketers in Kogi State, Nigeria. The specific objectives are to identify the frequency of use of mobile phones for information dissemination among fish marketers, identify the relevance of mobile phones in fish marketing, determine the effect of selected socioeconomic variables on the use of mobile phone for fish marketing, and identify the constraints to the use of mobile phones for fish marketing. One hundred and twenty-five (125) fish marketers were selected from five (5) major markets in the State. These markets are: Anyigba, Itobe, Lokoja, Okene and Bagana. Data obtained were analysed using descriptive statistics, logit model and mean score from a Likert scale. Results showed that 78.4% of the marketers used mobile phones for fish marketing, while 21.6% of the marketers never used mobile phones for fish marketing. 59.2% and 19.2% of the marketers occasionally and frequently used mobile phones for fish marketing respectively. Annual income, marketing experience and cost of mobile phones significantly influence the likelihood of the use of mobile phones for fish marketing at 5% with cost of mobile phones been inversely related to the use of mobile phones. Fish marketers were constrained with low quality of services provided (M=4.44), inadequate extension contact (M=4.41), high level of illiteracy (M=4.31), inadequate capital (M=4.00), and inadequate electricity supply (M=3.93) in the use of mobile phones for fish marketing. The study recommended that government should enforce the installation of more GSM masts in rural areas with a view to improve the erratic and poor services experienced in rural communities. Also, there is need for further extension services to enlighten marketers on the relevance of mobile phones in fish marketing in order to increase the frequency of use of this technology for information dissemination.

Keywords: Information, Marketing, Mobile Phones, Relevance, Use.

http://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/NMMC/article/view/35004

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Mobile telephony and copresence in Marakwet, Kenya

 

Leah Jerop Komen,

Senior Lecturer& Thesis Coordinator,

School of Communication ,

Languages & Performin

g Arts, Daystar University, Kenya.

lkomen@daystar.ac.ke

or ledavid2002@gmail.com

 

Abstract

The integration of mobile phones into social life has attracted divergent views on its technosocial capacities for social transformations especially its disruption on the integrity of space and time. While celebrated as a technology that liberates users from the constraints of time and place, it is equally reviled for the defilement of place or space and face to face social encounters (copresence). This paper discusses the influence of mobile telephony on social interactions with specific focus on conversations around copresence in Marakwet. Through ethnographic interviews and observational notes, the paper argues for the need to study mobile telephony as a social assemblage. Drawing from Delanda’s (2006) version of assemblage theory, the researcher finds that copresent encounters has changed the way time an

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d place is conceptualised, with distinctions between private and public places blurred and transformation of social interaction evidenced.

Key words: mobile telephony, co-presence, assemblage, time and space, private versus public spaces

Journal of Development and Communication Studies

Vol. 5. No. 1, July 2016 – June 2017

Click to access article%203%20jdcs%205.1.pdf

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Undergraduates’ Online Dating: Predictive Influence of Age, Gender, Motivation and Computer Efficacy

Adebayo D. Oluwole, Rachael Adeola Oluwole, Rachel Ayodeji, Thomas

 

Abstract

This study examines age, gender, motivation, and computer efficacy as factors predicting online dating among higher institution students in Oyo State.The study adopted a descriptive survey. The sample consisted of 166 undergraduates of the University of Ibadan. Three scales were used to collect information. Three research questions were raised and answered in the study. Data collected were analysed using multiple regression statistics for data analysis.Results indicated that there is a positive relationship between age and dependent variable (i.e. online dating) (r = 0.307); motivation (r = 0.242) and computer efficacy (r = 0.309). However, gender has no significant relationship with online dating. Research question two indicated that the R2 value is 0.204 while the adjusted R2 is 0.184. This translated into 18.4% of the total variance. This implies that the influence of the independent factors on online dating were not due to chance factor. The F value ratio of 10.292 further corroborated this. This showed that there is significant combined effect of age, gender, motivation and computer efficacy on online dating among the participants. The research question three explained the relative influence of age, gender, motivation and computer efficacy on online dating among the participants. Age (Beta = .282; t = 3.982) is the most potent contributor to online dating. This is followed by computer efficacy (Beta = .248; t = 3.267) and motivation (Beta = .181; t = 2.450). The least factor is gender (Beta = .077; t = 1.040).The findings from this study showed that online dating is real and has come to stay. Computer efficacy, motivation, age and gender are central to the dating activities of the university undergraduates, hence counselling psychologists must brace up to the challenges this new behaviour poses to stable and lasting relationship.

Keywords: Age, Computer Efficacy, Gender, Motivation, Online Dating

http://iiste.org/Journals/index.php/NMMC/article/view/30438

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NEW MEDIA IN KENYA: PUTTING ETHNICITY IN PERSPECTIVE

*MARTIN C. NJOROGE –njoroge.martin@ku.ac.ke

**PURITY KIMANI -puritykimani12@yahoo.com**

BENARD J. KIKECH -bernardkikech@yahoo.com

 

Department of English & Linguistics

Kenyatta University

P.O. Box 43844-00100

NAIROBI, Kenya

*Senior Lecturer

** Graduate students

1.

Abstract

The way the media processes, frames and passes on information either to the government or to the people affects the function of the political system. This chapter discusses the interaction between new media and ethnicity in Kenya, Africa. The chapter investigates ways in which the new media reinforced issues relating to ethnicity prior to Kenya’s 2007 presidential election.

In demonstrating the nexus between new media and ethnicity, the chapter argues that the upsurge of ethnic animosity was chiefly instigated by new media’s influence. Prior to the election, politicians had mobilized their supporters along ethnic lines, and created a tinderbox situation.

Thus there is need for the new media in Kenya to help the citizens to redefine the status of ethnic relationships through the recognition of ethnic differences and the re-discovery of equitable ways to accommodate them; after all, there is more strength than weaknesses in these differences.

Key words: ethnicity, hate speech, ethnic conflict, ethnic discourse, new media.

http://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/bitstream/handle/123456789/9948/newmediainkenya,puttingethnicityinperspective.pdf?sequence=1

 

 

 

 

 

The Author

Chinenye Nwabueze

Nwabueze is a communication researcher with several years of lecturing experience in Nigerian universities.

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