Curriculum for Broadcasting Degree Programme in Nigerian Universities

Broadcasting is another very popular degree progamme across the world. It has now become a single degree in Nigerian Universities, as approved by the National Universities Commission (NUC). The main focus of this course is to engage students in different activities and to hone their skills in radio and television broadcasting. This includes depth knowledge of broadcast journalism and new media interplay in the broadcast world.

Here’s the course structure contained in the curriculum approved by the NUC for this degree programme. If you’re thinking of going into this interesting area here’s what to expect within the four year-period of study. This information was lifted from the approved curriculum for the programme.

Philosophy

The philosophy of this programme is to produce professionals who will make meaningful contributions to the society for national development through the effective dissemination of mass media messages through the broadcast medium. In appreciation of the current complex and technology driven nature of the society, the B. Sc. programme in Broadcasting is  thus, designed to produce highly knowledgeable, skilful and socially responsible professionals in Radio, Television, and other forms of broadcasting using traditional and social media to enhance development in all sectors.

 

Course Structure

 

Course Structure at 100 Level

COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE UNITS STATUS
100 LEVEL  1ST& 2ND SEMESTERS
CMS 101 Introduction to Communication I 2 C
CMS 102 Introduction to Communication II 2 C
CMS 103 History of Nigerian Media 2 C
CMS 104 Writing for the Media 2 C
CMS 105 Traditional African Communication Systems 2 C
CMS 106 Introduction to Computer & Computer Applications 2 C
CMS 107 Introduction to Statistics I 2 C
GST 111 English for Communicators 2 C
GST 112 Logic, Philosophy & Human Communication 2 C
GST 113 Nigerian Peoples & Culture 2 C
GST 121 Use of Library, Study Skills & ICT 2 C
GST 123 Basic Communication in French 2 E
GST 124 Basic Communication in Arabic 2 E
GST 126 Basic Communication in Nigerian languages

(Option of any one Nigerian language)

2 E
Courses from the Faculty of Social Sciences 6 R
Courses from other Faculties 6 E
TOTAL 32

 

Course Structure at 200 Level

Course Code Course Title Units Status
200 LEVEL  1ST& 2ND SEMESTERS
CMS 201 Feature Writing 2 C
CMS 202 Critical and Review Writing 2 E
CMS 203 Editing & Graphics of Communication 2 E
CMS 204 Theories of Communication 2 C
CMS 205 Foundations of Communication Research 2 C
CMS 206 Introduction to Statistics II 2 C
CMS 207 Nigerian Constitutional Development 2 C
CMS 209 Media and Information Literacy 2 C
CMS 211 Media Attachment 3 C
GST 222 Peace & Conflict Resolution 2 C
GST 223 Introduction to Entrepreneurial Skills 2 C
GST 224 Leadership Skills 2 C
BRC 201 Introduction to Broadcasting 2 C
BRC 202 Writing for Radio, Television & the Internet 2 C
BRC 203 Broadcast Journalism I 2 C
BRC 204 Radio & Television Production I 2 C
BRC 205 Announcing & Performance 2 C
BRC 206 Broadcast Studio Operations 2 C
BRC 207 English for Broadcasters 2 R
Courses from other Departments in Communication & Media Studies 4 R
TOTAL 39

 

Course Structure at 300 Level

COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE UNITS STATUS
300 LEVEL  1ST & 2ND SEMESTERS
CMS 301 International Communication 2 C
CMS 302 Communication & Society 2 C
CMS 303 Gender & Communication 2 C
CMS 304 Media Attachment 3 C
BRC 301 Broadcast Management 3 C
BRC 302 Broadcast Journalism II 2 C
BRC 303 Public Affairs Broadcasting 2 C
BRC 304 Educational Broadcasting 2 C
BRC 305 Broadcast, Cable & Web Programming 3 C
BRC 306 Radio & Television Production II 2 C
BRC 307 Digital Postproduction 3 C
BRC 308 Broadcast Commentary & Critical Writing 2 E
BRC 309 Sports Broadcasting 2 E
BRC 310 Trends & Issues in Broadcasting 2 E
Courses from other Departments in Communication & Media Studies 6 R
TOTAL 34

 

Course Structure at 400 Level

COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE UNITS STATUS
400 LEVEL  1ST& 2ND SEMESTERS
CMS 401 Media Law 2 C
CMS 402 Media Ethics 2 C
CMS 403 Data Analysis in Communication Research 2 C
CMS 404 Safety of Media Professionals 2 C
CMS 405 Media Economics and Sustainability 2 C
CMS 406 Communication for Development 2 C
CMS 499 Original Research Project I & II 6 C
BRC 401 Comparative Broadcasting Systems 3 C
BRC 402 Digitization& the Broadcast Industry 2 C
BRC 403 Broadcast Regulation 2 C
BRC 404 Audience Research 2 C
BRC 405 Community Broadcasting 3 C
BRC 406 Internet Broadcasting 2 C
BRC 407 Broadcasting & Popular Culture 2 E
Courses from other Departments in Communication & Media Studies 2 R
TOTAL 36

 

Course Synopses

 

100 –Level Courses

 

CMS 101        INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION I

A global overview of the history, institutions and functions of communication in human society; an examination of the concepts, levels/categories and elements of human communication; survey of the role and influence of cultural beliefs and practices as well as changing technologies in human communication.

CMS 102        INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION II

Consideration of media communications as a sub-type of human communication; an overview of the progress; models, and elements of media communications; survey of the media, including their adjuncts are discussed. It also presents an examination of the characteristics, functions, contents, operations and impact of the media as well as national media systems and communication between/across nations.

CMS 103        HISTORY OF NIGERIAN MEDIA

This course traces the major trends in the development of the communication and media in Nigeria; as well as their adaptation and contribution to the political, religious, economic and social development in Nigeria.

CMS 104        WRITING FOR THE MEDIA

Instruction and practice in writing for the media with the major emphasis on development of effective styles in professional communications and proficiency in grammar and the use of language.

CMS 105        TRADITIONAL AFRICAN COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Survey of African traditional communication forms, channels, contents, technologies and institutions. Students are exposed to the significance and influence of these traditional structures on modern communication systems, as well as on contemporary African Political Culture and development.

CMS 106        INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER & COMPUTER APPLICATIONS

Instruction and practice in computer operations aimed at enabling the students to acquire the basic knowledge and skills essential for communication professionals.

CMS 107        INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS I

Role of statistics in social science inquiry; Nature of measurement;  presentation of data. Central values measures of deviation, correlation, nature of sampling; Probabilities and normal distribution, inference hypotheses testing.  Test of significance.

 

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200 –Level Courses

 

CMS 201        FEATURE WRITING

This is a practical course designed to enable students to become proficient in preparing a publishable feature articles. Focus is on writing, analysing and marketing feature articles for offline and online newspapers and magazines. Subject research, investigation of editorial needs, ethical and legal problems and manuscript preparation are also discussed in this course. It provides excellent material from the Nigerian and foreign news media for study and imitation.

CMS 202        CRITICAL AND REVIEW WRITING

Prerequisite; news writing or consent of instructor; theory and practice of reviewing the arts for newspapers. Students write reviews of plays, movies, television programmes, musical and dance events.

CMS 203        EDITING & GRAPHICS OF COMMUNICATION

Students are taught how to write and edit copy in a style appropriate to the news media. Emphasis is placed on the preparation of articles and photographs in photo editing for newspaper publications, online and multimedia. Editing symbols and news proofreader’s symbols will be used in this course.

CMS 204        THEORIES OF COMMUNICATION

Exploration and analysis of major theories that deal with the nature, uses and effects of media and communication; the relationship between theory and research and the relevance of the latter to the success of the former are discussed.

CMS 205        FOUNDATIONS OF COMMUNICATION RESEARCH

The primary aim of this course is to introduce students to the logic and methods of research in communication. Principles of research design, instrumentation, data collection and analysis are taught to enable students apply them effectively.

CMS 206        INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS II

The nature of statistical methods. The role and significance of statistics in Social Research; Frequency distribution; Measures of Central Tendency – Mean, Mode, Median; Measures of dispersion – Range, Variance, Standard Deviation; Elementary Probability Theory; Binomial, Normal and Poisson Distributions. Tests of Hypotheses; small sample tests – t – test, x2 – test and F – test; Regression analysis; Analysis of Variance; Time series analysis; Index numbers; Sources of Statistical Data in Nigeria.

CMS 207        NIGERIAN CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT

A chronological and critical survey of the development of the Nigerian Constitution from colonial times to the present; the developmental processes and features of the Richards Constitution, the McPherson Constitution, the Littleton Constitution, the Independence Constitution, The Republican Constitution, and the 1979 Constitution are all highlighted.

CMS 209: MEDIA AND INFORMATION LITERACY

This course empowers students to learn, and to pursue lifelong learning. It aims at educating students to become media and information literate, to be informed and rational citizens. The course also equips students with competencies needed to seek and enjoy the full benefits of media exposure. It embodies essential knowledge about (a) the functions of media, libraries, archives and other information providers in democratic societies, (b) the conditions under which news media and information providers can effectively perform those functions, and (c) how to evaluate the performances of these functions by assessing the content and services they offer.

CMS 211 & CMS 304           MEDIA ATTACHMENT

This is a compulsory course for all Students, who are sent to relevant organizations for practical experience. It is a supervised activity and students must supply a weekly log-book and portfolio for all work carried out during the period of internship, the least should be 12 weeks in each of the two sessions.

BRC 201        INTRODUCTION TO BROADCASTING

The course will provide an overview of the physical, technical and societal bases of radio and television broadcasting and relate the laws of nature that make broadcasting possible, as well as the scientists who exploited them; describes the individual items or equipment used in radio and television and surveys the diverse environment of broadcasting stations and networks.

BRC 202        WRITING FOR RADIO, TELEVISION & THE INTERNET

Overview of the principles of effective writing in broadcasting and webcasting; Analysis of the major genres in broadcast and webcast content; Emphasis on the development of proficiency in grammar and the use of language; Intensive instruction and practice in styles of writing of diverse forms of broadcast and webcast media content.

BRC 203        BROADCAST JOURNALISM I

Overview of the professional concepts, roles, qualities and practices in broadcast journalism; Analysis of news and editorial functions of broadcast journalism and examination of the equipment, messages, styles and processes of broadcast journalism.

BRC 204        RADIO & TELEVISION PRODUCTION I

Explanation of the elements and activities of the radio and television programme production processes, including pre-production, production and post-production activities; Instruction and practice of the writing process, with special attention given to the nature of radio, television and their audiences;Practice in the writing of diverse radio and television programmes and commercials.

BRC 205        ANNOUNCING & PERFORMANCE

Consideration of fundamentals of voicing and the nature of speech. Examination of performance types, including the announcer, the actor, the jockey, the reporter, the interviewer, the moderator, and the narrator. Review of performance techniques with regard to the microphones and the camera, as well as with regard to the performance types.

BRC 206        BROADCAST STUDIO OPERATIONS

Systematic analysis of radio and television studio and control room principles, technologies and disciplines; Review of the nature of sound and light as they relate to studio production values; Practical exercise in studio  set-up, standard operation procedures, use of studio facilities and studio etiquette.

BRC 207        ENGLISH FOR BROADCASTERS

Students learn sentence structures, correct/standard usage, punctuation, paragraphing, note-taking and recording; in addition, students learn how to read and interpret a given passage, write a good technical report, and appreciate literary works. Students are expected to develop skills in the writing of different types of prose, qualities of good style, and how to appraise prose.

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300-Level Courses

 

CMS 301        INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION

This course is an overview of the world’s media systems. The focus will be on the flow of information between the industrialized and advancing nations; how ideology, culture, economy and international market structure have all contributed either in hindering or advancing the international flow of news and entertainment among nations. The scope, characteristics, peculiarities and current issues in international communication  will  be  exhaustively  treated  so  as  to  acquaint  the  student  with  a thorough knowledge of the politics and manipulative nature of international communication.

CMS 302        COMMUNICATION AND SOCIETY

Examination of the media of communication as social institutions with particular attention to pertinent sociological concepts, themes and problems; the role and relationship of the mass media vis-à-vis other major social institutions. Focus on the sociology and professionalism of media communicators, media  contents  and  the  issue  of cultural imperialism and media dependency; internal dynamics and control of media organizations and mass communication politics. The role of communication in development is critically examined.

CMS 303        GENDER & COMMUNICATION

Gender issues are critical to development. Accordingly, the course examines the ways in which gender relations are impacted by culture, conventions, policies, communication and media as well as other  dynamics in society.

CMS 304        MEDIA ATTACHMENT

This is a compulsory course for all Students, who are sent to relevant organizations for practical experience. It is a supervised activity and students must supply a weekly log-book and portfolio for all work carried out during the period of internship, the least should be 12 weeks.

BRC 301        BROADCAST MANAGEMENT

Analysis of the principles, structures, and processes of management and organisation, generally and with particular reference to types of broadcasting stations, broadcasting networks and their environments. planning, organization and coordination of broadcast operations, focus on the rationale for managing radio and television stations, the tools for broadcast management and the concerns of licensing, frequencies, resources, structure and approaches in broadcast management; Challenges of management and the impacts on the environment on broadcast operations. Case studies of selected broadcasting organisations.

BRC 302        BROADCAST JOURNALISM II

Appraisal of the reportorial process in broadcast journalism, including sources and elements of news, the process of gathering, writing, editing and presenting the content of newscasts. Examination of broadcast news copy and the guidelines for its preparation. Production of newscasts for transmission on campus broadcast channels.

BRC 303        PUBLIC AFFAIRS BROADCASTING

Critical examination of the structure, internal dynamics and functions of the News and current/public affairs division of broadcasting organisations. Interpretative reporting of government and public institutions and agencies and production of current/public affairs discussions, news magazines and documentaries.

BRC 304        EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING

Assessment  of the educational potentials and limitations of radio and television. Survey of major educational broadcasting systems; Evaluation of pedagogic approaches and production techniques; radio forums and clubs. Planning and production of educational programmes; production of supplementary materials and teaching aids.

BRC 305        BROADCAST, CABLE & WEB PROGRAMMING

Appraisal of the concepts, principles, strategies, considerations and practices of programming for the broadcast, cable and web media; Critical study of programming practices and programme schedules of selected media organisations; Participation in the development and management of programming practices and programme schedules of campus broadcast, cable and/or web programme services.

BRC 306        RADIO & TELEVISION PRODUCTION II

Comprehensive analysis of the production process in radio and television; Intense exercises in the design, production and evaluation of radio and television programmes and commercials for campus radio and television services.

BRC 307        DIGITAL POSTPRODUCTION

This course deals with digital postproduction software packages, working with timelines, continuity and complexity editing. It also examines screen space visualization, time and motion, meaning and types of animation (2D & 3D animation), computer animation, combining computer animation and live action, working and synchronizing sound, outputting edited work.

BRC 308        BROADCAST COMMENTARY & CRITICAL WRITING

Examination of the opinion function of journalism and types of commentary programmes, with particular attention to the editorial and emphasis on the application of principles derived from  research in persuasive communication and attitude change. Distinction between commentary and critical writing; types of criticism and art review  for radio and television.

BRC 309        SPORTS BROADCASTING

Overview of the Nigerian and international heritage in sports broadcasting: great programmes, great theme channels/stations, great sports broadcasters; Instruction and practice in reporting, writing and presenting sports events and industries using the broadcast media; Technical and professional considerations in the live coverage of sports events.

BRC 310        TRENDS & ISSUES IN BROADCASTING

Survey of critical, perennial and contemporary matters that generate controversy in broadcasting, such as sex, violence, regulation, religious content, political content, cultural domination, etc. In-depth study of one or two issues, with particular reference to Nigerian Broadcasting. Review of research studies pertaining to the issues and consideration of the role of research in broadcasting.

 

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400-Level Courses

 

CMS 401        MEDIA LAW

Study of the legal framework within which mass media institutions operate in Nigeria; the development and constitutional growth of freedom of expression in Nigeria, the privileges and restraints affecting  the  mass  media, such as  libel,  sedition,  privacy,  contempt,  obscenity, copyright, etc. and government regulation.

CMS 402        MEDIA ETHICS

Ethical and moral standards applicable to the media and communication professionals; ethical responsibilities of individuals, groups, and organizations engaged in message construction, transmission or consumption, particularly in the field of news and public affairs, entertainment and persuasion.

CMS 403        DATA ANALYSIS IN COMMUNICATION RESEARCH

Students are introduced to data analysis techniques, particularly the use of tables, graphs and other statistical techniques and procedures. They are  taught  how  to  present  and  interpret  data,  using  these techniques.

CMS 404        SAFETY OF MEDIA PROFESSIONALS

In today’s environment of violent conflicts, international organized crime, and government impunity, the safety of journalists and media professionals has become of prime concern. This course analyses the issues and challenges involved in safeguarding the lives of journalists whose work put them in harm’s way. Institutional and other remedies are considered and debated.

CMS 405        MEDIA ECONOMICS AND SUSTAINABILITY

Critical issues have arisen over the last few decades on sustainability of the media in the face of a rapidly changing economy and importantly changing media technology. This course will examine principally emerging media occasioned by contemporary realities.

CMS 406        COMMUNICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT

This is an introductory study of the role of communication in the development process.  The role of the   media   in   relation   to   interpersonal   networks,   including   the   multi-media   approach   to communication in the development process is emphasized, along with the dynamics of development and communication variables that influence development.

CMS 499        ORIGINAL RESEARCH PROJECT I & II

Each student is required to select, in consultation with the supervisor, a topic/problem and study this in detail, apply necessary theories/concepts and appropriate methods. Students initiate and execute a project following the steps in the research process, or do a professional production in one of the following areas: journalism, advertising, public relations, radio/television broadcasting, film or multimedia. However, each candidate is advised to orient his/her research project in a relevant area of specialization in Communication and Media Studies. Original Research Project I focuses on at least the first three chapters of the final research project. In Original research project II, the final research project is expected to be submitted to the Department for assessment by Internal and External examiners. The project may also be defended before a panel of examiners.

BRC 401        COMPARATIVE BROADCASTING SYSTEMS

Comparative analysis of national systems of broadcasting world wide in terms of types of ownership, control, programming, purposes and effects or impact. Consideration of international organisation dealing with technical  facilities and those dealing with programmes. Examination of the purposes and impact of external broadcast stations.

BRC 402        DIGITIZATION & THE BROADCAST INDUSTRY

The course will examine the origin and role of the international telecommunication union (ITU) and the challenges of switching from analogue to digital broadcasting. It will analyze the imperatives, challenges, advantages, prospects and impact of digitization on the broadcasting industry.

BRC 403        BROADCAST REGULATION

Study of the concepts, purposes, challenges and politics of broadcast regulation; Critical examination of the frameworks, technologies and agencies of broadcast regulation in Nigeria; Issues in broadcast regulation.

BRC 404        AUDIENCE RESEARCH

Need for and uses of audience research in broadcasting; types, methods and procedures of audience research; Challenges and limitations of audience research; Producing and disseminating audience research reports; Analysis of relevant audience research reports; Practicum in audience research.

BRC 405        COMMUNITY BROADCASTING

Analysis of (rural and urban) community needs and problems with regard to the role of power of radio and television. Planning of community development projects for implementation through community radio, television and webcasting.

BRC 406        INTERNET BROADCASTING

This course will expose students to the dynamics of internet broadcasting with specific and general reckoning to audience, ownership and use. The course will also appraise Web 2.0 including social networking sites/social media such as face book; twitter, LinkedIn, etc. and their impact on news gathering and reportage, peddling of harmful information, citizenship power; connectivity and access.

BRC 407        BROADCASTING & POPULAR CULTURE

Critical review of the major concepts and theories of popular culture; Analysis of broadcasting as an instance or aspect of popular culture; Appraisal of the implications of the broadcasting/popular culture nexus for the production, distribution, consumption and regulation of broadcasting in Nigeria.

(Source: DRAFT PROPOSAL OF A REVISED BMAS FOR UNDERGRAGRADUATE PROGRAMMES IN COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA STUDIES SUBMITTED TO THE NATIONAL UNIVERSITIES COMMISSION (NUC), ABUJA)

The Author

Chinenye Nwabueze

Nwabueze is a communication researcher with several years of lecturing experience in Nigerian universities.

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