Every research paper or project has objectives. These objectives may or may not be stated but the researcher has specific goals he wants to achieve by embarking on the study. However, in most instances, you might be required to state the objectives of study; and this is always the case for seminar papers, project works, thesis and dissertations. Research objectives are very important in a research study because they determine the scope, depth and the overall direction of the research. This article could be of relevance to you in understanding the specific steps to take in writing research objectives for your project work, seminar paper, thesis or dissertation.
What are objectives of study?
Objectives of study are specific outcomes you intend to achieve in a study. They are specific goals or aims stepped down to realistic, measurable, achievable, levels. The objectives provide specific directions on what to set out to look for in a study. You notice that we have mentioned the word ‘specific’ a number of times while attempting a definition of objectives of study. That’s because objectives of study are research specific.
15 Quick Facts About Writing Objectives of Study for a Research Work
1. Objectives are like open doors that show you what you should set out to achieve in a research work; what you should focus on while in the field carrying out the study.
2. Objectives are specific roadmaps that provide boundaries of the scope of your study.
3. Objectives breakdown the research topic to measurable targets.
4. Objectives are futuristic in nature; they are written in futuristic terms often using such expressions as “to find out”, “to investigate”, “to ascertain”, “to evaluate”, among others.
5. Objectives of study turn into research questions once they are converted to questions ending with question mark. This is why you need to formulate good objectives of study so that so that when you get to the stage of formulating research questions all you need do is to convert the objectives to questions ending with question mark.
6. Objectives of study should not be ambiguous, bogus, or overloaded. Anyone who sees the objectives should see specifics, know which variable or action/behaviour/observation you want to measure. Here is a sample of an overloaded objective: “To find out if exposure to cartoon and children’s music influences social behaviour and academic performance.” This can actually be split into two separate objectives for easy assessment.
7. You write objectives of study by first taking a close look at the title of the research work and splitting it into different parts. The different parts come in form of futuristic sentences that all combine to achieve the goal of your study. Take a close look at the samples provided earlier you will discover how to split a research topic into various parts called objectives of study.
8. The easiest way to learn how to write objectives of study is to look at objectives of study written in similar research topics. You probably have heard the saying that “there’s nothing new under the sun”. So you could begin learning how to write good objectives of study by taking a look at the research objectives in several other research topics related to yours then follow the same pattern in formulating yours. By the time you look at three or four related topics and their objectives you would have seen up to six or more ideas on how to formulate objectives for your own study, no matter how fresh your own topic might be. Just try this particular tip and see the magic it will perform for you. You might even discover that all you need do as a beginner is to change a few words and the sample objective will match yours. This is a short cut but you need to do this for a long time to master how to write objectives even without looking at samples. Sometimes you learn by taking a look at what those good at what you are learning have done, then attempt to replicate them in your own way.
9. Research objectives identify the variables to be measured in your study. So you really need to know a little about variables to make research objectives writing easy for you.
10. Research objectives help you avoid collection of irrelevant during your study.
11. Research objectives describe the possible outcomes of your study. They show you what you’re likely to confirm or contradict based on data you collected from the field.
12. Research objectives save you time and money by ensuring that you don’t’ embark on a waste of time or jamboree in the name of research study. Once your study objectives are poorly written or they lack direction, you cannot go ahead with the study otherwise you will be stuck in the middle of the study. By then you would have wasted precious time and money only to discover that your work is not researchable or is simply a jamboree.
13. Well written objectives of study make project research writing easier for you.
14. It is easier to formulate research objectives if you can identify the variables in your research topic. The variables actually provide the premise upon which the objectives of study are formulated. Learn about variables then identify them in your topic so you can easily split them into specific objectives of study. You can click here to watch our video on how to identify dependent and independent variables in a research topic.
15. You learn how to write research objectives by attempting to practically write research objectives. It is not enough to have the theoretical knowledge of the meaning and how to write research objectives. You have to attempt to write them, make the initial mistakes and perfect the art of writing objectives of study with time. Remember the saying that that “practice makes permanent.”
Good research objectives should be written so they can be evaluated at the end of the work.
We hope that our article on how to write objectives of study has been useful to you. If you have questions on research objectives regarding the work you are currently doing or you want more clarifications on what you’ve read do let us know it the comment section.